Actor Chadwick Boseman became a household name after his role as King T’Challa in Marvel’s “The Black Panther.” The breakthrough film put Boseman front and center in Hollywood, and when he passed away at age 43, many fans were in disbelief.
Boseman was insanely private, keeping his illness within his tight circle of friends and family. He even married his wife in a secret ceremony before his passing. One thing the star did not do, however, was file a will or trust.
Why A Will Is Important
In the state of California, after a death occurs, the majority of an estate can go to the spouse through a Spousal Property Partition. But since most of the actor’s estate was only in his name, it ended up in probate through the court system and only recently settled.
You may have heard about the actor’s situation, and wondered, Am I too young to file a will or create a trust?
Couples Should Talk About Death
In order to shed more light on this matter, we spoke with Financial Coach Alise Jackson, who experienced firsthand how difficult the passing of a spouse can be. At age 36, she faced the unimaginable: her husband Mike passed away suddenly at age 44. Mike, a triathlete who was in excellent health, suffered a carotid dissection which caused him to have a stroke.
“Couples should have these discussions, no matter how difficult they are or how ‘unlikely’ death seems,” Jackson said. “We were fortunate enough that we had recently become debt-free the year before Mike passed. We had also established an emergency fund which was a blessing to me.”
Jackson could access cash quickly because most of their accounts were joint, and she already had an idea of how to navigate the estate.
Many aren’t so lucky. In one survey conducted by WiserWomen.org, 26% of widows surveyed said they had difficulty locating bank accounts and investments and having access to them.
After Mike’s death, Jackson retitled her husband’s car and filed a new deed on their house. She said, “For any things where he was the sole guarantor, such as medical bills, I sent copies of his death certificate to have the bills written off.”
Communication And A Plan Are Crucial
Financial planner Forrest Baumhover worked with many widows throughout his career and shared the number one mistake—no communication between partners.
After a loved one dies, Baumhover advises that major financial decisions can wait. He recommends you do the following:
- Get through the immediate future such as covering the cost of the funeral and paying for monthly bills.
- Ensure you have obtained copies of your loved one’s death certificate. You will need this to navigate account access and learn more about your benefits through your spouse’s employer and social security office.
- Notify financial providers of your loved one’s passing. Call life insurance providers, banks, and financial institutions that hold investments.
Come Up With a Game Plan For Your Money
Strategize and figure out how you will financially navigate the next three to six months. That might mean reviewing your budget and ensuring you and your partner have access to all financial resources such as checking accounts and life insurance policies.
“I don’t need life insurance yet. I’m too young.”
Here’s why you’re wrong.
Reasons to get life insurance because you’re young:
- Rates are best when you’re healthy
- You have private student loans with a cosigner
- You’re getting married and want to protect your spouse or family
- You have children
Read our in-depth review of whether to choose term vs. whole life insurance.
After a spouse dies, there might be a significant dip in income. Therefore, you might need to make immediate changes to ensure your basic needs are met, such as planning where your next mortgage payment will come from, how you will cover the cost of groceries, and transportation to and from work.
Jackson said, “Too many widows are forced to sell their homes and move while grieving, which adds to the trauma.”
Don’t Make Assumptions And Don’t Forget About Other Family Members
Courtney Richardson is an estate attorney who shares financial wisdom through her platform, The Ivy Investor. Richardson doesn’t see the need to wait until a spouse passes away to take action. Start now to prevent additional headaches and stress.
“Many states like California and Pennsylvania provide that children or parents split the money with the surviving spouse,” Richardson said.
The laws around minors should also be taken into consideration. Richardson further explained, “Every state is different regarding distributing assets to minors. Unless it’s written down, it doesn’t exist.”
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A lack of estate planning doesn’t just affect spouses and children. An adult family member who was being cared for can be negatively impacted. Richardson warned, “State law does not typically account for other people [such as adults] who rely on the person who died for support.”
This situation would only add fuel to the fire when your family is grieving, so make sure you account for everyone involved when coming up with an estate plan.
Consider An Estate Attorney
Proper planning with an estate attorney and a life insurance policy can help close the gaps. Richardson advises to “work with an attorney specializing in estates to put the plan to paper, which includes probate and non-probate assets.”
Revisit your plan whenever there is a significant change in your life. This could be the addition of a child, your marital status, or financial assets like a windfall.
“Checking once a year at tax time helps ensure that your wishes are what you want them to be,” Richardson recommends.
All of our experts advise you to share accounting information with your significant other. These include:
Ensure you have the correct beneficiary information so your loved one can easily access your assets to get through the next few months.
In addition to financial statements, make sure your partner has access and directions to everything needed to run the household smoothly. The following information should be kept handy:
- Account information for utilities
- Living arrangements
- Daycare pickups
- Medical providers
- School information
Start The Planning Sooner Than Later
At the end of the day, if this is overwhelming, don’t be afraid to ask for help; contact a professional if you need help navigating your finances. Don’t let the death of a loved one be more stressful than it needs to be from a lack of estate planning.